Do you speak French, Spanish, Japanese, or another foreign language? Do you know how to read and write that language? Maybe you are learning or hope to one day learn a foreign language. There are people who are braille readers in every country. So, there are braille codes for just about every language so people can read and write in the language they speak.

Remember, there are only 6 dots that make up the braille cell. Therefore, like with the other braille codes such as the music braille code, some symbols have different meanings. To show you how this works, let’s use Spanish as our language example.

Symbols in Spanish Braille

You will usually see Spanish braille written with no contractions, the short way to write words and groups of letters. Each letter is written in braille just as it is written in print. There are braille characters for each letter that is accented in Spanish. Look at the accented letters in the table below and the braille symbols for them.

BrailleLetterLetter Name
áa acute
ée acute
íi acute
óo acute
úu acute
üu with dieresis
ñn with tilde

There are also symbols for the marks of punctuation used in Spanish.

Marks of punctuation for most Spanish documents in North America use punctuation from Unified English Braille. That includes ¡ and ¿ which are the “inverted” (or “upside-down”) exclamation point and question mark.

. period

, comma

¿ (to be placed before a question or word)

? (to be placed at the end of question or word)

¡ (to be placed before a sentence or word)

! (to be placed at the end of a sentence or word)

What Does This Say?

Using the braille alphabet and the Spanish symbols from above you can read and write Spanish braille. Look at the sentence below.


Here’s an example of Spanish braille:
¿Qué hora es por favor, señor?

Here is another example:
Soy de México.

Below are five sentences. After you decode the braille (that is, figure out what it says), click here to see if you’re correct. Braille readers, right-click here to download braille-ready files of the same five sentences.

If you or one of your classmates is blind and taking a foreign language class, such as Spanish, then you’ll need your books, worksheets and tests in Spanish braille. The Teacher of Students with Visual Impairments (TVI) will braille the materials or arrange to have them brailled for you. The TVI isn’t going to teach the Spanish to you. You’ll learn it from the Spanish teacher just like everyone else. Many people who are braille readers enjoy learning other languages and traveling to the countries where those languages are spoken.

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